is a Japanese art form of growing a miniature tree in a small container. Bonsai has been around as known more than a thousand years. The basic goal of growing a bonsai is to minimize the size of the tree by sustaining all the natural characters and keeping the true form of the tree as much as possible. Almost any types of tree can be kept as bonsai, depends on how well it can adapt into a new provided environment. Bonsai tree can be categorized into three types of Deciduous tree such as elm, maple, crabapple, wisteria, boxwood, fuchsia, etc., Evergreen such as juniper, pine, cedar, etc., and Tropical such as Fukien tea, plum, ficus, jade, bougainvillea, etc.
How to care for your bonsai
Placing: Mostly all bonsai trees will thrive indoors in high light and appreciate being kept outdoors during the spring and summer. Once nightly lows begin approaching the 40 degree mark, it is time to bring your indoor bonsai inside. The ideal indoor location is on a window sill facing south. An east or west exposure is second best. Four to six hours of sunlight per day should suffice.
Watering: Apply water before the soil appears dry, never allow the soil to become completely dry. Bonsai tree will lose branches if left too dry for too long, and may or may not back-bud from that point. Water should be applied until it begins running out of the holes in the bottom of your pot. For increasing of humidity, place your bonsai pot above a shallow tray filled with a layer of gravel with water added. This provides extra moisture around the tree as the water evaporates.
Fertilizing: To keep your bonsai healthy and beautiful, it is necessary to replenish the soil’s supply of nutrients periodically. No special requirements for these trees, any general-purpose liquid fertilizer available at most garden centers would be fine but use only at half their recommended strength. Fertilizer should be applied at least once a month except during winter months.
Pruning: Trimming and pinching keep your tree miniature. Prune back the new growth to the farthest safe point. Never remove all of new growth, a little should be left to sustain the health of the tree.
Wiring and Training: You can train your bonsai into any shape and form as your imagination. By wiring the branches is a technique to manipulate the direction for the new growth into your own design. Some types of bonsai will develop thick lower branches easily if allowed to grow, helped a lot by their tendency to back-bud. It can be wired, but be careful bending branches as they have a tendency to snap if taken too far too soon once the new growth has hardened off. Bonsai tree can be trained on many forms and shape from informal uprights to cascades and windswepts.
Repotting: Most deciduous trees require repotting every two or three years, while evergreens only need to be repotted every four or five years.
Note: Since your bonsai is a tree in miniature, it can be treated for insects and diseases the same as any other tree.